- (1732-1804)German Hebrew writer. He was born in Satanov, Podolia, and in 1771 settled in Berlin, where he was the director of a printing press of the Society for the Education of the Young. He wrote a Hebrew-German dictionary and thesaurus, studies of the liturgy, a collection of proverbs, an encyclopaedia of arts and sciences, and commentaries on Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed and Judah ha-Levi's Kuzari.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
Look at other dictionaries:
SATANOV — SATANOV, town in Khmelnitsky district, Ukraine; until 1793 within Poland. A Jewish community was organized there in the second half of the 16th century, after Podolia was incorporated within the kingdom of Poland. The Jews of Satanov engaged in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SATANOW, ISAAC — (1732–1804), Hebrew writer, born in Satanov, Podolia. Satonow settled in Berlin in 1771 or 1772, where he served as the director of the printing press of the Ḥevrat Ḥinnukh Ne arim ( Society for the Education of the Youth ). Among the most… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MARGOLIOTH, EPHRAIM ZALMAN BEN MENAHEM MANNES — (1760–1828), rabbi and author. Ephraim studied under his uncle, Alexander Margolioth, rabbi of Satanov, Isaac of Ostrow, author of Berit Kehunnat Olam, and ezekiel landau . In his youth he was rabbi of Ohanov, but later left the rabbinate,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HASKALAH — (Heb. הַשְׂכָּלָה), Hebrew term for the Enlightenment movement and ideology which began within Jewish society in the 1770s. An adherent of Haskalah became known as a maskil (pl. maskilim). The movement continued to be influential and spread, with … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AUERBACH — AUERBACH, German rabbinical family. The Austrian branch of the family was also known as Wolf. MESHULLAM ZALMAN B. SHALOM (d. Vienna, 1622) belonged to the Wolf branch of the family which later became known as Auerbach Fischhof. There were also… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GEMATRIA — (from Gr. γεωμετρία), one of the aggadic hermeneutical rules for interpreting the Torah ( , no. 29). It consists of explaining a word or group of words according to the numerical value of the letters, or of substituting other letters of the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Musar movement — Part of a series on … Wikipedia
VITAL, ḤAYYIM BEN JOSEPH — (1542–1620), one of the greatest kabbalists. Vital was born in Ereẓ Israel, apparently in Safed. His father, Joseph Vital Calabrese, whose name indicates his origin from Calabria, South Italy, was a well known scribe in Safed (see responsa of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism